What is 5G Technology? | How does it work


5G is the 5th generation mobile network. It is a new global wireless standard after 1G, 2G, 3G, and 4G networks. 5G enables a new kind of network that is designed to connect virtually everyone and everything including machines, objects, and devices.

5G is on pace to improve many aspects of current generation mobile networks. Some of these factors include speed, latency, bandwidth, energy consumption, and more.

However, to do this requires many technologies and communication techniques working together in unison.

5G wireless technology is meant to deliver higher multi-Gbps peak data speeds, ultra-low latency, more reliability, massive network capacity, increased availability, and a more uniform user experience to more users.

Higher performance and improved efficiency empower new user experiences and connect new industries.

5G is a unified more capable air interface. It has been designed with an extended capacity to enable next-generation user experiences, empower new deployment models, and deliver new services.

With high speeds, superior reliability, and negligible latency, 5G will expand the mobile ecosystem into new realms.

5G will impact every industry, making safer transportation, remote healthcare, precision agriculture, and digitized logistics.



5G technology will introduce advances throughout network architecture. 5G new global standard for a more capable 5G wireless air interface, which will cover spectrums not used in 4G.

New antennas will incorporate a technology known as massive MIMO (Multiple Input, Multiple Output), which enables multiple transmitters and receivers to transfer more data at the same time.

5G technology is not limited to the new radio spectrum. It is designed to support a converged heterogeneous network combining licensed and unlicensed wireless technologies. This will add bandwidth available for users.

5G architecture will be software-defined platforms, in which networking functionality is managed through software rather than hardware.

Advancements in virtualization, cloud-based technologies, and IT and business process automation enable 5G architecture to be agile and flexible and to provide anytime, anywhere user access.

5G networks create software-defined subnetwork constructs known as network slices. These slices enable network administrators to dictate network functionality based on users and devices. 5G also enhances digital experiences through Machine Learning (ML) enable automation.

Demand for response times within fractions of a second (such as those for self-driving cars) requires 5G networks to enlist automation with ML (Machine-Learning), and eventually, deep learning and artificial intelligence (AI).

Automated provisioning and proactive management of traffic and services will reduce infrastructure costs and enhance the connected experience.

5G non-standalone (5G NSA) will be faster than 4G LTE. But high-speed, low latency 5G technology the industry has focused on is 5G standalone (5G SA).



  1. Greater speed in transmissions.

Speed in transmissions can approach 15Gbps or 20Gbps. Since we can enjoy a higher speed we can access files, programs, and remote applications directly and without waiting.

By intensifying the use of the cloud, all devices (mobile phones, computers) will depend less on the internal memory and the accumulation of data and it won’t be necessary to install a large number of processors on some objects because computing can be done on Cloud. For example, being able to activate software remotely as it was executed on personal devices.

Will not allow having installed the mobile applications (APPS) in the terminal and executing them directly from the Cloud.

It will no longer be necessary to store the information in the memory of the device (photos and videos).

  1. Lower Latency.

Latency is the time that elapses since we give an order on our device until the action occurs. In 5G the latency will be ten times (x10) less than in 4G, being able to perform remote action in real-time.

  1. The Greater number of connected devices

With 5g the number of devices that can be connected to the network increases greatly, it will go millionaire scale per square kilometer.

  1. Network Slicing

The 5G also allows the implementation of virtual network (network slicing), and the creation of subnets, to provide connectivity more adjusted to specific needs.

  1. Video Streaming

According to self-reported YouTube data, 70% of all YouTube traffic comes from mobile devices. YouTube and other streaming platforms may see an increase in mobile usage as new connectivity spreads, as it will provide fast load times.

Currently, almost 60% of the mobile traffic is dedicated to videos, but people often watch them at a low quality of 360p and 420p. With a new network, mobile users will be able to watch videos in much higher resolution.

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